Confusing Signals: The Impact on U.S. Diplomats’ Mission to Effectively Implement U.S. Foreign Policy

By: Amb. (ret.) William A. Rugh There is an unwritten code of conduct among American diplomats that says they should never say anything that is untrue or inaccurate. They are not required to say everything they know because they must also keep secrets. But it is central to their mission to be truthful—not as a…