Exposing Russian Social Media Operations

By Ambassador Brian Carlson Years ago, during the Cold War, Soviet propaganda continually portrayed the United States and NATO nations as militaristic, provocative and dangerously over-armed.  Every new Western weapons system and Congressional appropriation became more grist for Soviet-sponsored psyops mills around the world, while the USSR’s and Warsaw Pact’s own military spending and armaments…

Public Diplomacy’s Oral History Interviews

Public Diplomacy’s Oral History Interviews Donald M. Bishop   It’s a commonplace that most historical studies of U.S. public diplomacy have focused on Washington policies, themes, leaders, and decisions.   They have thus slighted how policies were implemented “in the field” — in other nations, regions, and societies.  There’s not much written on how Public…

The Power of Cultural Diplomacy – Why does the United States Neglect It?

In 1966 the Brookings Institution published a book by Charles Frankel entitled: The Neglected Aspect of Foreign Affairs – American Educational and Cultural Policy Abroad.  Frankel argued that “in comparison with the sophisticated analysis devoted to U.S. military, economic, and diplomatic policy, little intellectual attention has been given to international cultural exchange”. Although more than…